● Muramatsu Daijingu Gosaijin


Muramatsu Daijingu was established as a branch of the Ise Grand Shrine when the spirit of the deities at the original shrine was divided, and a portion enshrined at Muramatsu.

Thus, the enshrined deities at Daijingu are the same as those deified at the Inner Shrine at Ise: Amaterasu-Omikami, Amano-Tajikaraonomikoto, and Yorozu-Hatatoyo-Akitsuhimenomikoto

Held to be the ancestral deity of the imperial house, Amaterasu-Omikami  is the most highly revered of all Shinto deities. “The Great Divinity Illuminating Heaven,” she is said to be endowed with the virtue of the sun. Amaterasu-Omikami reigns supreme over Takamagahara, the Plain of High Heaven, home of all Heavenly Gods.

When the angered Amaterasu-Okami hid herself in ama no iwato, or the cave of the rock, she closed the mouth of the cave with an enormous rock and plunged the world into darkness. The other gods conspired to entice her to move the rock slightly and peek out. At that moment, it was Amano-Tajikaraonomikoto who thrust his hand in, threw the rock door open, and pulled the Sun Goddess out of the cave, restoring the world to light. Amano-Tajikaraonomikoto is also famous as the deity who accompanied Niniginomikoto on his descent from heaven to rule over the land.

The goddess Yorozu-hatatoyo-Akitsuhimenomikoto is the daughter of Takami-Musubinokami, who is held to be the creator of Takamagahara, and the mother of Niniginomikoto. She served in wait before Amaterasu-Omikami, admonishing the other deities against succumbing to their personal desires.

別天津神 (Kotoamatsukami)

collective name for the first powers which came into existence in Takamanohara at the time of the creation of the universe.

【造化三神】 (Zouka no Sanjin )

天之御中主神 (Ameno Minakanushinokami)

  God Ruling the Center of Heaven (Ruler of  the Universe)

高御産巣日神 (Takami Musubinokami)        

  Exalted Deity of Musibi* (Creator of the Heavens and the Earth)

神産巣日神 (Kami Musuhinokami)          

  Sacred Deity of Musibi*   (Creator  of  All Things)

*Musubi is the power of creation; the spirit of birth and becoming; accomplishment, combination and the power to harmonize, and is central to Shinto belief.

Other First Powers (Kotoamatsukami)

Two more deities at the basis of the birth and growth of all things appeared in Takamanohara following the Zouka no Sanjin:

宇摩志阿斯訶備比古遅神 (Umashi-Ashi-Kabihikojinokami)

  Ruler of the Source of Life

天之常立神 (Ameno-Tokotachinokami)     

  Eternal Protector of  the Plain of High Heaven

天津神 (Kami of Heaven

After the First Powers, came Izanaginomikoto and Izanaminomikoto. Their union gave birth to various deities, collectively known as the Kami of Heaven. The heavenly deities are eternal and live above, as opposed to earthly kami.

【天孫降臨】 Niniginomikoto’s Heavenly Descent (Tenson-Kourin)

Amaterasu-Omikami’s grandchild Niniginomikoto was sent down to earth to take charge of general and political affairs. He was accompanied on his descent from heaven by Amano Tajikaraonomikoto, among other deities, and was given a mirror, a jewel and a sword by his grandmother. These remain the imperial symbols of sovereignty today, and the Heavenly Descent is the main myth supporting the primacy of the imperial family in Japan.

● Shinmei-Tsukuri (Shinmei style architecture)

The shinmei style is characterized by gabled roof structures and straight lines

Muramatsu Daijingu is built with horn-like cross-pieces known as chigi extending above the roof at both ends, toward the heavens. At their peak, they are notched ? horizontally to represent goddesses, or vertically for gods. Between the chigi, rounded billets or logs, called katsuogi, are placed atop the roof horizontally. Whereas other shrines built in the shinmei style employ three, five or seven of these billets, Muramatsu Daijingu is distinguished by the ten katsuogi balanced on its roof ridge.