Gosaijin
Muramatsu Daijingu Gosaijin

Daijingu-Honden(Sinmeitsukuri

Muramatsu Daijingu was established as a branch of the Ise Grand Shrine when the spirit of the deities at the original shrine was divided, and a portion enshrined at Muramatsu.

Thus, the enshrined deities at Daijingu are the same as those deified at the Inner Shrine at Ise: Amaterasu-Omikami, Amano-Tajikaraonomikoto, and Yorozu-Hatatoyo-Akitsuhimenomikoto


Held to be the ancestral deity of the imperial house, Amaterasu-Omikami  is the most highly revered of all Shinto deities. The Great Divinity Illuminating Heaven, she is said to be endowed with the virtue of the sun. Amaterasu-Omikami reigns supreme over Takamagahara, the Plain of High Heaven, home of all Heavenly Gods.

When the angered Amaterasu-Okami hid herself in ama no iwato, or the cave of the rock, she closed the mouth of the cave with an enormous rock and plunged the world into darkness. The other gods conspired to entice her to move the rock slightly and peek out. At that moment, it was Amano-Tajikaraonomikoto who thrust his hand in, threw the rock door open, and pulled the Sun Goddess out of the cave, restoring the world to light. Amano-Tajikaraonomikoto is also famous as the deity who accompanied Niniginomikoto on his descent from heaven to rule over the land.


The goddess Yorozu-hatatoyo-Akitsuhimenomikoto is the daughter of Takami-Musubinokami, who is held to be the creator of Takamagahara, and the mother of Niniginomikoto. She served in wait before Amaterasu-Omikami, admonishing the other deities against succumbing to their personal desires.


ŷſ Kotoamatsukami

collective name for the first powers which came into existence in Takamanohara at the time of the creation of the universe.



¤ (Zouka no Sanjin )

ŷǷ (Ameno Minakanushinokami)

God Ruling the Center of Heaven (Ruler of  the Universe)

滺 (Takami Musubinokami)

Exalted Deity of Musibi* (Creator of the Heavens and the Earth)

(Kami Musuhinokami)

Sacred Deity of Musibi*   (Creator  of  All Things)

*Musubi is the power of creation; the spirit of birth and becoming; accomplishment, combination and the power to harmonize, and is central to Shinto belief.

Other First Powers (Kotoamatsukami)

Two more deities at the basis of the birth and growth of all things appeared in Takamanohara following the Zouka no Sanjin:

ְٿ (Umashi-Ashi-Kabihikojinokami)

Ruler of the Source of Life

ŷǷΩ (Ameno-Tokotachinokami)

Eternal Protector of  the Plain of High Heaven


ŷſ Kami of Heaven

After the First Powers, came Izanaginomikoto and Izanaminomikoto. Their union gave birth to various deities, collectively known as the Kami of Heaven. The heavenly deities are eternal and live above, as opposed to earthly kami.



ŷ¹ס Niniginomikotos Heavenly Descent (Tenson-Kourin)

Amaterasu-Omikamis grandchild Niniginomikoto was sent down to earth to take charge of general and political affairs. He was accompanied on his descent from heaven by Amano Tajikaraonomikoto, among other deities, and was given a mirror, a jewel and a sword by his grandmother. These remain the imperial symbols of sovereignty today, and the Heavenly Descent is the main myth supporting the primacy of the imperial family in Japan.



Shinmei-Tsukuri (Shinmei style architecture)




The shinmei style is characterized by gabled roof structures and straight lines



Muramatsu Daijingu is built with horn-like cross-pieces known as chigi extending above the roof at both ends, toward the heavens. At their peak, they are notched ? horizontally to represent goddesses, or vertically for gods. Between the chigi, rounded billets or logs, called katsuogi, are placed atop the roof horizontally. Whereas other shrines built in the shinmei style employ three, five or seven of these billets, Muramatsu Daijingu is distinguished by the ten katsuogi balanced on its roof ridge.